Nature has evolved an abundance of valuable and inspirational examples for us. It has even given birth to intelligent species. The hard-to-grasp concept of intelligence is valuable to us and deserves further exploration. Abilities such as abstraction, learning and dealing with novelty are important to intelligence. The brain processes underlying intelligence are still little understood [Got97, p. 14]. Luckily, complex and often complicated phenomena are found to have underlying principles that are not very complicated by themselves. In this thesis, (1) the principles for this evolutionary process were clarified and (2) evaluated for artificially application. (3) Finally we address whether intelligence can be said to emerge from the artificial systems.


Erik de Bruijn 2007-10-19